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2022-08-12

New Client for MongoDB 5.1/6 Support

Starting with its version 5.1, MongoDB disabled the legacy protocol used for communication since its beginning.
As a consequence, our mORMot client was not able to communicate any more with the latest versions of MongoDB instances.

Last week, we made a deep rewrite of mormot.db.nosql.mongodb.pas, which changed the default protocol to use the new layout on the wire. Now messages use regular MongoDB Database Commands, with automated compression if needed.

No change is needed in your end-user MongoDB or ORM/ODM code. The upgrade is as simple as update your mORMot 2 source, then recompile.

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2022-07-09

Native TLS Support for mORMot 2 REST or WebSockets Servers

Since the beginning, we delegated the TLS encryption support to a reverse proxy server, mainly Nginx. Under Windows, you could setup the http.sys HTTPS layer as usual, as a native - even a bit complicated - solution.
Nginx has several advantages, the first being a proven and efficient technology, with plenty of documentation and configuration tips. It interfaces nicely with Let's Encrypt, and is very good for any regular website, using static content and PHP. This very blog and the Synopse web site is hosted via Ngnix on a small Linux server.

But in mORMot 2, we introduced a new set of asynchronous web server classes. So stability and performance are not a problem any more. Some benchmarks even consider this server to be faster than nginx (the stability issue mentioned in this post has been fixed in-between).
We just introduced TLS support of our socket-based servers, both the blocking and asynchronous classes. It would use OpenSSL if available, or the SChannel API layer of Windows. Serving HTTPS or WSS with a self-signed certificate is just a matter of a single parameter now, and performance seems pretty good, especially with OpenSSL.

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2022-05-21

New Async HTTP/WebSocket Server on mORMot 2

The HTTP server is one main part of any SOA/REST service, by design.
It is the main entry point of all incoming requests. So it should better be stable and efficient. And should be able to scale in the future, if needed.

There have always been several HTTP servers in mORMot. You can use the HTTP server class you need.
In mORMot 2, we added two new server classes, one for publishing over HTTP, another able to upgrade to WebSockets. The main difference is that they are fully event-driven, so their thread pool is able to scale with thousands of concurrent connections, with a fixed number of threads. They are a response to the limitations of our previous socket server.

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2022-02-15

mORMot 2 ORM Performance

The official release of mORMot 2 is around the edge. It may be the occasion to show some data persistence performance numbers, in respect to mORMot 1.

For the version 2 of our framework, its ORM feature has been enhanced and tuned in several aspects: REST routing optimization, ORM/JSON serialization, and in-memory and SQL engines tuning. Numbers are talking. You could compare with any other solution, and compile and run the tests by yourself for both framework, and see how it goes on your own computer or server.
In a nutshell, we almost reach 1 million inserts per second on SQLite3, and are above the million inserts in our in-memory engine. Reading speed is 1.2 million and 1.7 million respectively. From the object to the storage, and back. And forcing AES-CTR encryption on disk almost don't change anything. Now we are talking. ;)

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2022-01-22

Three Locks To Rule Them All

To ensure thread-safety, especially on server side, we usually protect code with critical sections, or locks. In recent Delphi revisions, we have the TMonitor feature, but I would rather trust the OS for locks, which are implemented using Windows Critical Sections, or POSIX futex/mutex.

But all locks are not born equal. Most of the time, the overhead of a Critical Section WinAPI or the pthread library is not needed.
So, in mORMot 2, we introduced several native locks in addition to those OS locks, with multi-read/single-write abilities, or re-entrancy.

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2021-12-19

mORMot 2 Generics and Collections

Generics are a clever way of writing some code once, then reuse it for several types.
They are like templates, or compiler-time shortcuts for type definitions.

In the last weeks, we added a new mormot.core.collections.pas unit, which features:

  • JSON-aware IList<> List Storage;
  • JSON-aware IKeyValue<> Dictionary Storage.

In respect to Delphi or FPC RTL generics.collections, this unit uses interfaces as variable holders, and leverage them to reduce the generated code as much as possible, as the Spring4D 2.0 framework does, but for both Delphi and FPC. It publishes TDynArray and TSynDictionary high-level features like indexing, sorting, JSON/binary serialization or thread safety as Generics strong typing.

Resulting performance is great, especially for its enumerators, and your resulting executable size won't blow up as with the regular RTL unit.

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2021-11-16

EKON 25 Slides

EKON 25 at Düsseldorf was a great conference (konference?).

At last, a physical gathering of Delphi developers, mostly from Germany, but also from Europe - and even some from USA! No more virtual meetings, which may trigger the well known 'Abstract Error' on modern pascal coders.
There were some happy FPC users too - as I am now. :)

I have published the slides of my conferences, mostly about mORMot 2.
By the way, I wish we would be able to release officially mORMot 2 in December, before Christmas. I think it starts to be stabilized and already known to be used on production. We expect no more breaking change in the next weeks.

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2021-09-21

Delphi 10.4 / Delphi 11 Alexandria Breaking Changes

The latest revision of Delphi, named Delphi 11 Alexandria, is out.
A lot of new features, some enhanced platforms. Nice!
But it is also for us the opportunity to come back to some breaking changes, which appeared in Delphi 10.4 earlier this year, and are now "officially" part of Delphi 11.

The main breaking change of Delphi 10.4 and later, as reported by mORMot users, is the new lifetime of local variables.
TL&LR: a local variable which is not explicitly declared, but returned by a function may be released as soon as it is not used any more, whereas in the original implementation, it was allocated as a regular local variable, and we could expect its lifetime to remain active up to the end of the function. With Delphi 10.4, it is not the case any more: the compiler could release/clear the local variable sooner, to reduce the allocation pressure.

Idea behind this change is that it may have better register allocation within the function, so it "may" theoretically result in faster code. Not convinced about it, anyway - we will discuss that.
The main thing is that it could break existing code, because it breaks the Delphi compiler expectation since decades.
Some perfectly fine working code would end to work as expected. We have identified several use cases with mORMot which are affected by this change. Since it seems there will be no coming back from Delphi point of view, it is worth a blog article. ;)

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2021-08-17

mORMot 2 on Ampere AARM64 CPU

Last weeks, we have enhanced mORMot support to one of the more powerful AARM64 CPU available: the Ampere Altra CPU, as made available on the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure.

Long story short, this is an amazing hardware to run on server side, with performance close to what Intel/AMD offers, but with almost linear multi-core scalability. The FPC compiler is able to run good code on it, and our mORMot 2 library is able to use the hardware accelerated opcodes for AES, SHA2, and crc32/crc32c.

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2021-06-26

Embed Small and Optimized Debug Information for FPC

Debug information can be generated by compilers, to contain symbols and source code lines. This is very handy to have a meaningful stack trace on any problems like exceptions, at runtime.

The problem is that debug information can be huge. New code style with generics tends to increase this size into a bloated way...
On Delphi, mormot2tests generates a 4MB .map file;
on FPC, mormot2tests outputs a 20MB .dbg file in DWARF.

For Delphi, we propose our own binary .mab format which reduces this 4MB .map file into a 290KB .mab file since mORMot 1.
Now mORMot 2 can reduce a FPC debug file of 20MB into a 322KB .mab file!
And this .mab information can just be appended to the executable for single-file distribution, if needed, during the build. No need to distribute two files, potentially with synchronization issues.

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2021-05-14

Enhanced HTTP/HTTPS Support in mORMot 2

HTTP(S) is the main protocol of the Internet.
We enhanced the mORMot 2 socket client to push its implementation into more use cases. The main new feature is perhaps WGET-like processing, with hashing, resuming, console feedback, and direct file download.

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2021-05-08

Enhanced Faster ZIP Support in mORMot 2

The .zip format is from last century, back to the early DOS days, but can still be found everywhere. It is even hidden when you run a .docx document, a .jar application, or any Android app!
It is therefore (ab)used not only as archive format, but as application file format / container - even if in this respect using SQLite3 may have much more sense.

We recently enhanced our mormot.core.zip.pas unit:

  • to support Zip64,
  • with enhanced .zip read/write,
  • to have a huge performance boost during its process,
  • and to integrate better with signed executables.

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2021-02-22

OpenSSL 1.1.1 Support for mORMot 2

Why OpenSSL? OpenSSL is the reference library for cryptography and secure TLS/HTTPS communication. It is part of most Linux/BSD systems, and covers a lot of use cases and algorithms. Even if it had some vulnerabilities in the past, it has been audited and validated for business use. Some algorithms  […]

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2021-02-13

Fastest AES-PRNG, AES-CTR and AES-GCM Delphi implementation

Last week, I committed new ASM implementations of our AES-PRNG, AES-CTR and AES-GCM for mORMot 2.
They handle eight 128-bit at once in an interleaved fashion, as permitted by the CTR chaining mode. The aes-ni opcodes (aesenc aesenclast) are used for AES process, and the GMAC of the AES-GCM mode is computed using the pclmulqdq opcode.

Resulting performance is amazing: on my simple Core i3, I reach 2.6 GB/s for aes-128-ctr, and 1.5 GB/s for aes-128-gcm for instance - the first being actually faster than OpenSSL!

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2021-02-12

New AesNiHash for mORMot 2

I have just committed some new AesNiHash32 AesNiHash64 AesNiHash128 Hashers for mORMot 2. They are using AES-NI and SSE4.1 opcodes on x86_64 and i386. This implementation is faster than the fastest SSE4.1 crc32c and with a much higher usability (less collisions). Logic was extracted from the Go  […]

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2020-12-29

mORMot 2 Proposal: Rename RawUTF8 Type As Utf8 ?

One proposal for mORMot 2. What if we renamed the RawUTF8 type into Utf8? With a default compatibility redirection if PUREMORMOT2 is not defined, of course. The "Raw" prefix came from early mORMot code, which used TRichView as reference for the UTF-8 encoding... but it is clearly an  […]

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2020-11-16

mORMot 2 Entering Testing Phase

mormot2test.jpg, Nov 2020

After a lot of work, our mORMot 2 fork is entering its testing phase.

The main /src/core /src/lib /src/net /src/db /src/orm /src/soa /src/app folders of our Source Code repository have been implemented.

mormot2test.jpg, Nov 2020

Please check https://github.com/synopse/mORMot2 for the latest version of the source code. The README.md files on each folder would help you discover the new framework design, and the content of each unit.

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2020-11-04

EKON 24 Presentation Slides

EKON_24.png, Nov 2020

EKON 24 just finished. "The conference for Delphi & more" was fully online this year, due to the viral context... But this was a great event, and I am very happy to have been part of it. Please find the slides on my two sessions: mORMot 2 Performance: from Delphi to AVX2 Of course,  […]

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2020-10-26

mORMot2 Renaming

Last weeks, we introduced REST, ORM and SOA process in the mORMot2 repository.

During this phase, we split the huge mORMot.pas unit into several mormot.rest.*.pas, mormot.orm.*.pas and mormot.soa.*.pas units, to follow SOLID principles.

But we also renamed the base types into something more consistent and easier to work with. Forget about TSQLRecord or TSQLRest, discover TORM and TRest!

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2020-08-11

The RFC, The URI, and The Tilde

For several reasons, only plain ASCII characters are accepted in Web URIs. Other characters should be escaped with % and the hexadecimal value of its code.

The tilde character ~ is not needed to be escaped... at least in theory... because in practice most code expects it...

A journey into confusing RFCs...

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