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2014, Friday April 18

Introducing mORMot's architecture and design principles

We have just released a set of slides introducing 

  • ORM, SOA, REST, JSON, MVC, MVVM, SOLID, Mocks/Stubs, Domain-Driven Design concepts with Delphi, 
  • and showing some sample code using our Open Source mORMot framework.

You can follow the public link on Google Drive!

This is a great opportunity to discovers some patterns you may not be familiar with, and find out how mORMot try to implement them.
This set of slides may be less intimidating than our huge documentation - do not be terrified by our Online Documentation!
The first set of pages (presenting architecture and design principles) is worth reading.

Feedback is welcome on our forum, as usual.

2013, Thursday March 7

64 bit compatibility of mORMot units

I'm happy to announce that mORMot units are now compiling and working great in 64 bit mode, under Windows.
Need a Delphi XE2/XE3 compiler, of course!

ORM and services are now available in Win64, on both client and server sides.
Low-level x64 assembler stubs have been created, tested and optimized.
UI part is also available... that is grid display, reporting (with pdf export and display anti-aliasing), ribbon auto-generation, SynTaskDialog, i18n... the main SynFile demo just works great!

Overall impression is very positive, and speed is comparable to 32 bit version (only 10-15% slower).

Speed decrease seems to be mostly due to doubled pointer size, and some less optimized part of the official Delphi RTL.
But since mORMot core uses its own set of functions (e.g. for JSON serialization, RTTI support or interface calls or stubbing), we were able to release the whole 64 bit power of your hardware.

Delphi 64 bit compiler sounds stable and efficient. Even when working at low level, with assembler stubs.
Generated code sounds more optimized than the one emitted by FreePascalCompiler - and RTL is very close to 32 bit mode.
Overall, VCL conversion worked as easily than a simple re-build.
Embarcadero's people did a great job for VCL Win64 support, here!

Continue reading...

2012, Tuesday July 24

SQLite3-powered, not SQLite3-limited

Our downloadable documentation has been enhanced, and contains now a description about the main feature of 1.15 version, i.e. "database agnosticism".

The core database of our mORMot framework uses the SQLite3 library, which is a Free, Secure, Zero-Configuration, Server-less, Single Stable Cross-Platform Database File database engine.

As stated below, you can use any other database access layer, if you wish.
A fast in-memory engine (TObjectList-based) is included, and can be used instead or together with the SQLite3 engine.
Or you may be able to access any remote database, and use one or more OleDB, ODBC, ZDBCTDataSet, (or direct Oracle) connections to store your precious ORM objects.
The SQlite3 will be used as the main SQL engine, able to JOIN all those tables, thanks to its Virtual Table unique feature.

(article updated after removal of the TSQLRecordExternal class type for revision 1.17 - note also that BATCH process is now directly supported by the framework and converted to bound array parameters if available)

Continue reading...

2011, Wednesday August 10

Framework documentation updated for revision 1.15

The framework documentation was just updated.

The general organization of the SAD document (which is the one to be read in all cases) has been refreshed, and is now separated in smaller chapters.

The new official name has been changed into "Synopse SQLite3/mORMot framework"...

Continue reading...

2011, Saturday July 2

Is Object-Relational Mapping the Paradise of Computer Science?

There is a well known syndrome around, against ORM.

Do you remember The Vietnam of Computer Science article?

It is worth reading... and commenting.
Sounds a bit outdated by now. Tempus fugit!

Continue reading...

2011, Sunday June 5

Synopse SQLite3 Framework 1.13

This is a major step for the framework.

Among a lot of new features and bug fixes:

Open Source project, for Delphi 6 up to XE, licensed under a MPL/LGPL/GPL tri-license.

Continue reading...

2011, Thursday June 2

TSQLRecordRTree to implement R-Tree virtual tables

An R-Tree is a special index that is designed for doing range queries.

R-Trees are most commonly used in geospatial systems where each entry is a rectangle with minimum and maximum X and Y coordinates. Given a query rectangle, an R-Tree is able to quickly find all entries that are contained within the query rectangle or which overlap the query rectangle.

 This idea is easily extended to three dimensions for use in CAD systems. R-Trees also find use in time-domain range look-ups. For example, suppose a database records the starting and ending times for a large number of events. A R-Tree is able to quickly find all events, for example, that were active at any time during a given time interval, or all events that started during a particular time interval, or all events that both started and ended within a given time interval. And so forth. See

Since the 2010-06-25 source code repository update, the RTREE extension is compiled by default within all supplied .obj files of the framework.

A dedicated ORM class, named TSQLRecordRTree, is available to create such tables. It inherits from TSQLRecordVirtual, like the other virtual tables types (e.g. TSQLRecordFTS3 or our custom virtual tables).

Continue reading...

2011, Saturday May 14

Virtual Tables in the SQLite3 framework

The SQlite3 engine has ability to create Virtual Tables from code. From the perspective of an SQL statement, the virtual table object looks like any other table or view. But behind the scenes, queries from and updates to a virtual table invoke callback methods on the virtual table object instead of reading and writing to the database file.

The virtual table mechanism allows an application to publish interfaces that are accessible from SQL statements as if they were tables. SQL statements can in general do anything to a virtual table that they can do to a real table, with the following exceptions:
- One cannot create a trigger on a virtual table.
- One cannot create additional indices on a virtual table. (Virtual tables can have indices but that must be built into the virtual table implementation. Indices cannot be added separately using CREATE INDEX statements.)
- One cannot run ALTER TABLE ... ADD COLUMN commands against a virtual table.
- Particular virtual table implementations might impose additional constraints. For example, some virtual implementations might provide read-only tables. Or some virtual table implementations might allow INSERT or DELETE but not UPDATE. Or some virtual table implementations might limit the kinds of UPDATEs that can be made.

Example of virtual tables, already included in the SQLite3 engine, are FTS or RTREE tables. A custom virtual table might represent in-memory data structures (like TSQLVirtualTableJSON, TSQLVirtualTableBinary). Or it might represent a view of data on disk that is not in the SQLite3 format (e.g. TSQLVirtualTableLog). Or the application might compute the content of the virtual table on demand.

Thanks to the generic implementation of Virtual Table in SQLite3, you can use such tables in your SQL statement, and even safely execute a SELECT statement with JOIN or custom functions, mixing normal SQLite3 tables and any other Virtual Table.

A dedicated mechanism has been added to the framework, beginning with revision 1.13, in order to easily add such virtual tables with pure Delphi code, just by inheriting some classes.

Continue reading...